Skill Demonstration

  Basic Patterns

Ving Tsun Kuen has 3 basic patterns:
- Siu Nim Tao (little vision)
- Cham Kiu (seeking bridge)
- Biu Chee (pointing finger)

When commencing the study of Ving Tsun Kuen, beginners may initially find the basic patterns simple. However after practising for some times, they often find difficulties to co-ordinate the movements. The reason is Ving Tsun Kuen requires a lot of co-ordination of both hands with our waist and stance to create a series of attack and defence movements.

For example, the position of left and right hands, the turning of waist and the alteration of stance will make a big difference to the whole attack and defence action. Such variations do make some students confuse and may lose the direction. In general, this happens due to the lack of basic training in the foundations theory of Ving Tsun Kuen.

This website will pin point those difficulties and problems during practice, and then discuss and resolve these problems step by step. Let's start from the basic hand movement.



Wu Sao is one of the most important techniques of Ving Tsun Kuen. It protects the middle line in front of chest during the defence form. However, when coping with the attack of a rival, the technique can be altered to Tan Sao, Bong Sao or Pak Sao. It can also be modified to the punch and forward hand push for attack.



In Ving Tsun Kuen there are many actions where it is extremely important to achieve the correct position-One of these is Tan Sao. When performing Tan Sao each hand protects the corresponding half of the body.

To achieve the correct action and protective function of Tan Sao, it is necessary to pay close attention to the position of the elbows, wrist and fingers. They must all be in the correct line. These photos show Grand Master Ng Chan, demonstrating the correct position from the front and side views.




It is a difficult movement to perform correctly because many people wrongly power the movement from the shoulder.

Instead the arm is raised to shoulder level with the forearm slightly forward at the elbow and rotated away from the body.




The forearm position of Jam Sao is close to that of Tan Sao, but in Jam Sao the hand is rotated inwards 90° and the direction of the power is downwards.